Vedic Culture-PUC History Question Bank - MahitiLok

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Vedic Culture-PUC History Question Bank

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Vedic Culture
Rig Vedic Age and Later Vedic Age
One Mark Questions:
1.    Name the word from which Veda is derived?
A: The Sanskrit word Vid

2.    Name the word from which Upanishad is derived?
A: The Sanskrit word Upnish.

3.    What are the forest texts called as?
A: Aranyakas

4.    What is Rajasuya?
A: Coronation Ceremony

5.    Who wrote Asthtadyayi?
A: Panini

6.    Name the Popular assemblies of Rig Vedic age?
A: Sabha and Samiti

7.    Where was the battle of ten kings fought?
A: On the banks of river Ravi

8.    Name the most powerful Rig Vedic tube?
A: Bharatas

9.    What is the Rig Vedic king called as?
A: Rajan

10.    Which is the original homeland of the Aryans?
A: Steppes of South Central Asia.

11.    Name the tribals who invaded India in the beginning of 2000 B.C.?
A: Aryans.

12.    Which is the homeland of the Aryans in India?
A: Sapta Sindavah

13.    Name the oldest Veda?
A: Rig Veda

14.    Name the caste of warriors of Vedic age?
A: Kshatriyas.

15.    What is the Vedic pottery called as?
A: Painted Grey Ware

16.    Name the water god of Rig Vedic age?
A: Varuna

17.    What is the total number of Upanishads?
A: 108

18.    Which Veda is called as the book of music?
A: Sama Veda

19.    Which Veda mentions about the origin of the caste system?
A: The Rig Veda

20.    What is the voluntary offering collected by Rig Vedic king called as?
A: Bali.

Two Marks Questions:

1.    Name the powerful Rig Vedic tribes?
A: Bharatas and Purus

2.    Name some tribes of Rig Vedic Age?
A: Bharatas, Tritsus, Turvasas, Yadus and Anus.

3.    What is Sapta Sindavah?
A: Sapta Sindavah means the land of seven rivers i,e,. Indus, Ravi, Jhelum, Sultej, Chenab, Beas and Saraswathi. It was the homeland of the Aryans in India.

4.    Name the Vedas?
A: Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda.

5.    Name some Upanishads?
A: Brihadaranayaka, Chandogya, Taittiriya, Aitareya and Kaushitaki Upanishads.

6.    Write a note on Upanishads?
A: The Upanishads are Vedic texts, numbering 108. They condemn sacrifies and lay stress on meditation and penance. The main doctrine of the Upanishads is the universe is Brahman (god) and Brahman is Atman (soul). The major Upanishads are Brihadaranayaka, Chandogya, etc.

7.    Which Veda contains the Purusha Sukta hymn and what is it?
A: Rig Veda. The Purusha sukta hymn throws light on the origin of the caste system. Accordingly from the head of a primeval being emerged the Brahmins, from his hands the Kshatriyas, from his thighs the Vaishyas and from his feet the Sudras.

8.    What are Brahmanas?
A: Brahamanas are later vedic texts. They explain the meaning of scarifies and the performance of sacrifies. For ex: the kaushitaki and Satapatha Brahmanas.

9.    Write a note on Rig Veda?
A: The Rig Veda is a book of hymns. It contains 1026 hymns, written in honor of gods, goddesses, etc. The hymns throw light on political, social, economic and religious life of Rig Vedic Aryans

10.    Mention the functionaries who assisted the Rajan in the Rig Vedic age?
A: Senani, Gramani and Purohit.

11.    Name the three important gods of Rig Vedic age?
A; Indra, Agni and Varuna

12.    What do the gods Soma and Maruts stand for?
A: Soma – the god of Plants
 Maruts – the storm God

13.    Which Rig Vedic god is called as Purandara and what does it mean?
A: Lord Indra. It means breaker of forts, because he broke the houses of Indus civilization.

14.    Name the goddess of Rig vedic age?
A: Ushas, Ashwins and Aditi

15.    What do goddesses Ushas and Ashwins stand for?
A: Ushas – Goddess of dawn
Ashwins – aeans or goddness of dark

16.    Name some kingdoms of later vedic age?
A: Kuru – Panchala, Kousambi, Videha, Kosala, etc.

17.    Name some well-known Later Vedic kings?
A: Parikshit, Janamejaya, Janaka, etc.

18.    Name the different stages of Varna Ashrama dharma?
A: 1. Brahmacharya
         2. Grihastha
         3. Vanaprastha and
         4. Sanyasa

19.    Name the four castes of vedic period?
A: 1. Brahmins
     2. Kshatriyas
     3. Vaishyas and
     4. Sudras

20.    Name the administrative officials of Later Vedic age?
A:  a. Samghitri     - Treasurer
      b. Bhagaduga     – Tax Collector
      c. Suta         – Charioteer
      d. Senani         – who raised a militia

21.    Name the coins used for circulation in Later Vedic Age?
A; Nishka, Krishnala and Satamana

22.    Name the three important gods of Later Vedic Age?
A: a. Prajapati (Brahma)
     b. Vishnu
     c. Shiva

23.    What do the gods Agni and Vayu stand for?
A: Agni – Fire
     Vayu – Wind

24.    Mention any two Social Changes that took place in Later Vedic Age?
A: 1. The caste system came into existence.
2. Women lost their privileges, as they did not attend the Sabha and Samiti and did not take    part in sacrifices
3. Sacrifices become complex, elaborate and expensive

25.    Name some learned women of Vedic period
A: Vishwawara
       Maitreyi and Gargi






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